It was created on 1 November 1956 by the States Reorganisation Act, and it combined various Malayalam speaking regions.
The state has an area of 38,863km2 (15,005 sq mi) and is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the south and southeast and the Arabian Sea towards the west. Thiruvananthapuram is the capital city. Kochi and Kozhikode are other major cities. As per a survey by The Economic Times, five out of ten best cities to live in India are located in Kerala.
Kerala is a popular tourist destination for its backwaters, yoga, Ayurvedic treatments and tropical greenery. Kerala has the highest Human Development Index in India, comparable with that of first world nations but with a much lower per capita income.The state has a literacy rate of 94.59 percent,also the highest in India. A survey conducted in 2005 by Transparency International ranked Kerala as the least corrupt state in the country. Kerala has witnessed significant migration of its people, especially to the Persian Gulf countries during the Kerala Gulf boom, and is heavily dependent on remittances from its large Malayali expatriate community.
The Laccadive Islands, is a group of islands in the Laccadive Sea, 200 to 440 km off the coast of the South West Indian state of Kerala. The islands form the smallest Union Territory of India. The total land area is 11 sq mi or 32km2. Ten of the islands are inhabited. Lakshadweep is the northern part of the erstwhile Lakshadweep. The islands are the northernmost among the Lakshadweep-Maldives-Chagos group of islands, which are actually the tops of a vast undersea mountain range, in the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. The land area is 32km2; the lagoon area is about 4200km2, the territorial waters area is 20,000km2 and the economic zone area is 400,000 km2.
Kerala & Lakshadweep Useful Websites Kerala Tourism Office
INDIA TOURISM KOCHI
Kochi – 682009, Kerala
Tel: 0484-266 8352